The Private Rented Sectors in the North and South of Ireland: A Case Study in Convergence Analysis

Aideen Hayden, Paddy Gray, Ursula McAnulty, Bob Jordan

Abstract


The theme of this paper centres on the convergence and divergence of housing policy between two regimes inhabiting the same geographical space on the island of Ireland, as reflected in the development of the private rented sector (PRS) in both jurisdictions. Using a historical comparative analysis of key indicators, this paper aims not just to present an accurate picture of the state of policy towards the sector in both jurisdictions today, but to place this analysis within a framework which looks at the backdrop of overall housing systems. The paper postulates that while Northern Ireland and the South of Ireland are reflective of the Anglo Saxon tradition in housing, major historical differences in their pathways have brought clearly identifiable policy outcomes indicative of their differing status in comparative welfare analysis. While both jurisdictions have diverged significantly during the course of the twentieth century in the profile of policy and housing tenure mix, showing examples of path dependency at work, there is clear evidence of more recent convergence. More recent changes in housing policy in both jurisdictions away from direct social housing provision and the changing role of the private rented sector are also examined and a convergence theory is proposed.  

 


Keywords


private rented sector; social housing; convergence; regulation; Northern Ireland; Southern Ireland

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


Aalen, F.H.A. (1985) 'The working class housing movement in Dublin, 1850-1920', in Bannon, M. (ed.), The Emergence of Irish Planning, 1880-1920. (Dublin: Turoe Press)

Aalen, F.H.A. 'Public Housing in Ireland, 1880-1921' in Planning Perspectives, 2 (1987) 175-193

Bacon, P and Associates (1998) An Economic Assessment of Recent House Price Developments (Dublin: Report to the Minister for Housing and Urban Renewal)

Bacon, P and Associates (1999) The Housing Market: An Economic Review and Assessment (Dublin: Report to the Minister for Housing and Urban Renewal)

Bacon, P and Associates (2000) The Housing Market in Ireland: An Economic Evaluation of Trends and Prospects (Dublin: Report to the Minister for Housing and Urban Renewal)

Balchin, P. (ed.) (1996) Housing Policy in Europe (London: Routledge).

Blackwell, J. (1988) A Review of Housing Policy, (Dublin: National Economic and Social Council).

Castles, F. G. and Mitchell, D. (1993), 'Worlds of welfare and families of nations', in F.G. Castles (Ed.), Families of Nations: Patterns of Public Policy

Central Statistics Office (Various Years), Census of Population – Housing Volume, (Dublin: Central Statistics Office).

Central Statistics Office: Quarterly National Household Survey for Q4 2007 (Dublin: CSO)

Clapham, D. (2002) Housing pathways: a post modern analytical framework, Housing Theory and Society, 19(2), pp. 57–68

Connolly, M. (1990) Politics and Policy-making in Northern Ireland (Hemel Hempstead: Phillip Allen).

Cousins, M. Ireland's Place in the Worlds of Welfare Capitalism

Journal of European Social Policy.1997; 7: 223-235

Commission on the Private Rented Residential Sector (2000) Report of the Commission on the Private Rented Residential Sector, (Dublin, Stationery Office)

Curtis, L.P. (1963) Coercion and Conciliation in Ireland 1880-1892 (New Jersey, London)

Daly, M.E. Dublin- The Deposed Capital, A Social and Economic History 1860-1914 (1984), Cork University Press.

Daly, M.E. “Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century Dublin” in Harkness.D and O’Dowd M (eds.), The Town in Ireland, (1981), Belfast: Appletree Press pp 221-52

Esping-Anderson, Gosta (1990) The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism, (Cambridge: Polity Press)

Daly, M.E. (1985) 'Housing Conditions and the Genesis of Housing Reform in Dublin, 1880-1920' in Bannon, M. (ed), The Emergence of Irish Planning, 1880-1920. (Dublin: Turoe Press)

Department of the Taoiseach (2000). The Programme for Prosperity and Fairness. (Dublin: Stationery Office).

Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (various years) Annual Housing Statistics Bulletin, (Dublin: Stationery Office).

Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (2006), Action on Private Rented Standards, Dublin: Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government

Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government (2007), Delivering Homes Sustaining Communities, Dublin: Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government

Department of Local Government (various years), Department of Local Government Report, (Dublin: Stationery Office).

Department of Local Government and Public Health Report of Inquiry Into The Housing of the Working Classes of the City of Dublin 1939-1943 (1943) (Dublin, The Stationery Office).

Department for Social Development and Northern Ireland Housing Executive (2004) A Strategy for the Private Rented Sector (Belfast: Department for Social Development).

Department for Social Development (2009) Building Sound Foundations, A Strategy for the Private Rented Sector. Consultation Document. (Belfast: Department for Social Development).

Department for Social Development (2007) Review into Affordable Housing, Final Report (Belfast: Department for Social Development).

Downey, D. (1998) New Realities in Irish Housing (Dublin, Threshold and CRUBE, Dublin Institute of Technology)

Drudy, P.J and Punch, M (2005) Out of Reach: Inequalities in the Irish Housing System (Dublin; tasc at New Island)

Esping-Andersen, G. (1990) The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism (Cambridge, Polity)

Fahey, T. Nolan, B. Maitre, B (2004) Housing, Poverty and Wealth in Ireland (Dublin; Institute of Public Administration and Combat Poverty Agency)

Fraser, M. John Bull’s other Homes- State Housing and British Policy in Ireland, 1893-1922 (1996) Liverpool University Press.

Government of Ireland (2006), Rent Supplements (Dublin: The Stationery Office)

Government of Ireland, Housing (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 2009 (Dublin: Stationery Office)

Government of Ireland, Housing (Standards for Rented Houses) Regulations, 1993 (Dublin: Stationery Office)

Government of Ireland, Housing (Standards for Rented Houses) Regulations, 2008 (Dublin: Stationery Office)

Government of Ireland, Housing (Standards for Rented Houses) (Amendment) Regulations, 2009 (Dublin: Stationery Office)

Government of Ireland, Residential Tenancies Act, 2004, (Dublin: Stationery Office)

Gray, P. & Campbell, L. (2001) Managing social housing in Northern Ireland, in: C. Paris (Ed.), Housing in Northern Ireland (Coventry: Chartered Institute of Housing).

Gray, P., Hillyard, P., McAnulty, U. & Cowan, D. (2002) The Private Rented Sector in Northern Ireland (Belfast: Northern Ireland Housing Executive).

Gray, P., Hillyard, P. & McAnulty, U. (2005) The Private Rented Sector in Northern Ireland (Belfast: Northern Ireland Housing Executive).

Harloe, M. (1995) The peoples home? Social rented housing in Europe and America (Oxford: Blackwell)

Kemeny, J. (1992) Housing and Social Theory (London: Routledge).

Kemeny, J. (1995) From Public Housing to the Social Market (London: Routledge).

Kemeny, J. Lowe, S. (1996) Schools of comparative Research from convergence to divergence, paper prepared for the ENHR Housing Research conference “ Housing and European integration” Denmark 26-31 August 1996.

Kemeny, J. (2010), Plenary address to conference “Comparative Housing Research - Approaches and Policy Challenges in a New International Era”, Delft 24-25 March 2010.

Leibfried, S. (1993) Toward a European welfare state?, in C. Jones (ed.) New Perspectives on the Welfare State in Europe (Londres, Routledge)

Lyons, F.S.L. Ireland since the Famine (1971) London; Fontana

Murtagh, B. (2001) Social conflict and housing policy, in: C. Paris (Ed.), Housing in Northern Ireland (Coventry: Chartered Institute of Housing).

Murtagh, B. (2002) The Politics of Territory (Basingstoke: Palgrave).

Murray, K. and Norris, M. (2002) Profile of Households Accommodated by Dublin City Council: Analysis of Socio-Demographic, Income and Spatial Patterns (Dublin, Dublin City Council and Housing Unit)

Malpass, P. (2005) Housing and the Welfare State (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

McPeake, J. (2001) Housing policy and administration in Northern Ireland 1945–1990, in C. Paris (Ed.), Housing in Northern Ireland (Coventry: Chartered Institute of Housing)

Mullins, D. & Murie, A. (2006) Housing Policy in the UK (Bristol: Policy Press).

Murie, A. (2001) Transforming housing conditions, in C. Paris (Ed.), Housing in Northern Ireland (Coventry: Chartered Institute of Housing).

National Economic and Social Council, (2004) Housing in Ireland: Policy and Performance (Dublin: NESC)

Northern Ireland Housing Executive, (2002) The Private rented Sector in Northern Ireland (Belfast, NIHE)

Northern Ireland Housing Executive, (2007) Housing Market Affordability in Northern Ireland 2006/07 (Belfast, NIHE)

Northern Ireland Housing Executive, (2008) Northern Ireland Housing Market: Review and Perspectives 2008-11 (Belfast: NIHE)

Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (2008) Population and Migration Estimates Northern Ireland, 2007 (Belfast: NISRA)

O’Brien, L.M. and Dillon, B. (1982) Private Rented –The Forgotten Sector (Dublin, Threshold)

O'Brien, L. 1953 'The Northern Ireland housing trust'. - Dublin: Journal of the Statistical and Social Inquiry Society of Ireland, Vol. XXIX, Part I, 1952/1953

Paris, C. (Ed.) (2001) Housing in Northern Ireland, and Comparisons with the Republic of Ireland (Coventry: Chartered Institute of Housing).

Paris, C. (2008)'The Changing Housing System in Northern Ireland 1998-2007', Ethnopolitics,7:1, 119-136

Power, A. (1993), Hovels to High-rise: state housing in Europe since 1850, (London: Routledge).

Semple, J. (2007) Review of Affordable Housing, Final Report, Department for Social Development.

Tonge, J. (2002) Northern Ireland: Conflict and Change (Essex: Pearson

Education Limited).

Torgerson, U. (1987) Housing: the wobbly pillar under the welfare state, in: B. Turner, J. Kemeny & L. Lundqvist, (Eds), Between State and Market: Housing in the Post-industrial Era (Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell).

Whitehead, C.M.E. and Kleinman, M. (1986) Private Rented Housing in the 1980’s and 1990’s, (Cambridge: Granta Publications)




DOI: https://doi.org/10.26458/jedep.v4i3.117

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c)




INDEXING

 

Environmental Science Journals,<br /> Natural Science Journals, SciTech Journals, Illustrata: Natural Science ICV 2015: 81.51DOAJREPEC   citefactor researcherid ECONBIZ ERIHPLUS     Sherpa" researchbib Gale Base    

Ulrichs     Stanford    

cornelniv    oclc     Toc     google
    ez3     ilinois sjif ohs 




Administred: Rocsana B. Manea Tonis

http://icourses.wix.com/itmk 

.