Estimating the Outdoor Recreational Value of Chitgar Forestial Park of Tehran with the Use of Contingent Valuation Method (CV)


  • Majid Kholuzini Sharahi University of Allame Tabataei, Tehran
  • Mohamad Hosein Mohamadi Isfahan University
  • Azam Abedini University of Allame Tabataei, Tehran



Environment, Contingent Valuation (CV), Willingness to pay, Logit model.


   Among issues related to the environment, one of the most important issues is pricing the environment. In the present study, the outdoor recreational value of Chitgar Jungle Park of Tehran and its visitors' willingness to pay per visit (WTP) were estimated by using Contingent Valuation method (CV) and 140 questionnaires based on dichotomous choice. The results revealed that 30 percent of the surveyed people were willing to pay an entrance fee and the mean willingness to pay for each visitor was estimated at 3076 Rials and its total annual recreational value was estimated at 5 billion Rials. Among the effective variables on individuals' visit of this park, recommendation, income, per-visit cost, family size, and visits during a year were 1% significant; park facilities and quality were 5% significant; and the visitors' use of personal vehicles, education, type of house, as well as job were 10% significant.


Ajzen I,Brown TC,Rosenthal LH.Information bias in contingent valuation:effects of personal relevance, quality of information, and motivational orientation.Journal of Environmental ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT 1996;30;43-57.

Amigues, j.,Boulatoff,C.andDesaigues, B. 2002.The benefits and costs of riparian analysis habitat preservation: a willingness to accept / willingness to pay contingent valuation approach.Ecological Economics.43(1):17-31.

Amirnejad, H., Khalilian, S.and Assareh, M.H.2006.Estimating the existence value of north forests of Iran by using a contingent valuation method. Ecological Economics.58(4):665-675.

Amirnejad, H.2007.Estimating the preservation value of Golestan National Park of Iran by using individuals willing to pay.Journal of Agricultural Economics.1(3):175-188

Arrow,K.,R.Solow, R. Portney, E.Learner,R.Rander and H.Schuman.(1993).Report of NOAA Panel on contingent valuation: Report to the National oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.Federal Register,Vol.48,4601-4614.

Asafu John-Adjaye and SoradaTapsuwan, “A Contingent Valuation Study of Scuba Diving Benefits:Case Study in Mu KO Similan Marine National Park,Thailand”,Tourism Management,29(2008),1122-1130.

Asgari,A.and Mehregan,N.2001.Estimating of Individuals willingness to pay of cultural- historic bequest using a contingent valuation method. AHamedanGanjname case study. Journal of Economical Researches,1(2):93-115.

Ashim,G.B. 200. Green national accounting:Why and How? Environment and Development Economics.5(1):25-48.

Bakh shaei, A.1353.Introduction of National parks and Forests.Tehran Universitypress.

Dashti,GH .and Sohrabi, F .2009.Recreational value of Nabovat Park of Karaj based on contingent valuation.Journal of the Iranian Natural Resources.61(4):69-77.

Echeverria, J., Hanrahan, M.and Solorzano, R.1995. Valuation of non-priced amenities provided by the biological resources within the monterverde cloud forest preserve, Costa rica. Ecological Economics.13:43-52.

EmamiMeybodi, A., and Ghazi, M. 2008. Estimation of economic-recreational value of the Saee Park of Tehran, Iran by using the Contingent Valuation Method. Journal of Economic Research. 36: 187-220

Guo, Z., Xiao, X. Gan , Y. and Zheng , Y.2001.Ecosystem functions ,services and their values a case study in Xingshan country of china. Ecological Economics.38(1):141-145.

Howarth, B.R., and S.Farber.2002.Accounting for the value of ecosystem services. Ecological Economics.41(3):421-429.

Knesth JL, Sinden JA.Willingness to pay and compensation demanded:experimental evidence of an unexpected disparity in measures of values.Quarterly Journal of Economics1984;99:570-21.

Krieger, D. J. (2001). Economic Value of Forest Ecosystem Services: A review. The wilderness society,Washington, D.C.,U.S.A.

Lee, C. & Han,S (2002).Estimating the Use and Preservation Values of National Parks Tourism Resources Using a Contingent Valuation Method, Tourism Management,23:pp531-540.

Maille, P.& R. Mendelsohn, (1991).Valuing Ecotourism in Madagascar,New Haven:Yale school of forestry,Mimeo.

Molaei, M., Yazdani, S. and Sharzehi,Gh.2009.Estimating preservation value of Arasbaran forest ecosystem using contingent valuation. Journal of Agricultural Economics. 3(2):37-64.

Pagiola, S. 2001. Valuing the Benefits of investments in cultural heritage: The historic core of split. In Paper presented at the international conference on economic valuation of cultural heritage, Cagliari, 19-20.

Tavakoli Kermani, Zahra. 2009. An Estimation of Economic_Recreational Value of Chitgar Forest Park, Using the Contingent Valuation Method, a thesis submitted to the Graduate Studies Office in particular fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Arts in Environmental Economics.

Thomas, H. and Christopher, B. 1997. Conjonint analysis of groundwater protection programs. American Journal of Agricultural Economics.26(2):229-236.

Togridou, A., Hovardas,T. and Pantis, J.D.2006.Determinantes of visitors’ willingness to pay for the National Marine Park of Zakynthos, Greece.

Vaze, P.1998.System of environment and economic accounting(SEEA).Chapter 13,London:ONS,UK.

Whitehead, J. C .and Finney, S.2003 .Willingness to pay for submerged maritime cultural resources. Journal of Cultural Economics.27 (4):231-240.


Additional Files



How to Cite

Kholuzini Sharahi, M., Mohamadi, M. H., & Abedini, A. (2015). Estimating the Outdoor Recreational Value of Chitgar Forestial Park of Tehran with the Use of Contingent Valuation Method (CV). Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People, 4(4), 64–75.