The Role of Mid-Ranged Universities in Knowledge Transfer in Central and Eastern Europe - Sustainable University Strategies in the Era of Post-Mass Education UDK 378. 4 : 001. 92


  • Zoltan Gal University of Kaposvár, Hungary



JEL Classification: I23, I28, I25, I21


Arbo, P. and P. Benneworth (2007). Understanding the Regional Contribution of Higher Education Institutions: A Literature Review. OECD Education Working Papers, No. 9, OECD Publishing.

Arnkil, R., Jarvensivu, A., Koski, P. & Piirainen, T. (2010). Exploring the Quadruple Helix, Report of Quadruple Helix Research For the CLIQ Project. Work Research Centre, University of Tampere, June 2010.

Bajmoczy, Z. & Lukovics, M. (2009). Subregional Economic and Innovation Contribution of

Hungarian Universities, in Z. Bajmoczy, I. Lengyel (eds.) Regional Competitiveness, Innovation and Environment, pp. 142-161, JATE Press: Szeged.

Benneworth, P. & Hospers, G-J. (2007). Urban competitiveness in the knowledge economy:

Universities as new planning animateurs. Progress in Planning 67 (2007) 105–197.

Benneworth, P., Charles, D. & Madanipour, A. (2010). Building Localized Interactions Between Universities and Cities Through University Spatial Development. European Planning Studies, 18:10, pp. 1611 – 1629.

Carayannis, E.G. & Campbell, D.F.J. (2009). ’Mode 3’ and ’Quadruple Helix’: toward a 21st century fractal innovation ecosystem. International Journal of Technology Management Volume 46, Number 3-4, pp. 201 – 234.

Chatterton P. and Goddard J. (2000). The response of higher education institutions to regional needs. European Journal of Education 35, 475-496.

Clark, B. R. 1998: Creating Entrepreneurial Universities: Organizational Pathways of Transformation. IAU Press/Pergamon, Oxford.

Drucker, J. & Goldstein, H. (2007). Assessing the Regional Economic Development Impacts of Universities: A Review of Current Approaches. International Regional Science Review, Vol. 30, No. 1, January, 2007, pp. 26-46.

Dory, T. (2008) RTD policy approaches in different types of European regions. JRC and ERAWATCH

Etzkowitz, H. (1983). Entrepreneurial Scientists and Entrepreneurial Universities in American Academic Science. Minerva, Vol. 21 No. 2-3 pp. 198-233.

Etzkowitz, H., Webster, A., Gebhardt, C. & Terra, B. (2000) The Future of the University, the University of the Future: Evolution of Ivory Tower to Entrepreneurial Paradigm, Research Policy, 2, pp. 313-330.

Gal, Z. (2005). The New Tool for Economic Growth: Role of Innovation in the Transformation and Regional Development of Hungary, Geographia Polonica, 78, 2, pp. 31-52

Gal, Z. & Csonka, L. (2007) Specific analysis on the regional dimension of investment in research – case study report and database on the South Transdanubian region (Hungary). Brussels: ERAWATCH.

Gal, Z. (2010) The role of research universities in regional innovation.: The case of Southern Transdanubia, Hungary. In: Longworth N, Osborne M (eds.)

Perspectives on Learning Cities and Regions: Policy Practice and Participation. Leicester: &, pp. 84-106.

Gal, Z. & Ptaček, P. (2011). The role of mid-range universities in knowledge transfer: the case of nonmetropolitan regions in Central Eastern Europe. European Planning Studies, forthcoming.

Goddard, J. & Chatterton, P. (1999). Regional Development Agencies and the Knowledge Economy: Harnessing the potential of universities. Environment and Planning C 17: 685-699.

Goddard, J. B. and Chatterton, P. (2003) The response of universities to regional needs. In F. Boekema, E. Kuypers and R. Rutten (Eds.), Economic Geography of Higher Education: Knowledge, Infrastructure and Learning Regions. Routledge, London.

Goldstein, H. & Renault, C. (2004). Contributions of Universities to Regional Economic

Development: A Quasi-experimental Approach, Regional Studies, 38: 7, 733 — 746

Harloe, M. & Perry, B. (2004). Universities, localities and regional development: The emergence of the ‘Mode 2 University’? International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 28 No. 1, March 2004 pp. 212-223.

Henderson, D. & Thomas, M. (1999), Learning through strategy making: the RTP in Wales. In:

Morgan, K. & Nauwelaers, C. (eds.), Regional Innovation Strategies: The Challenge for Less Favoured Regions, Jessica Kingsley: London.

Holland, B.A. (2001) Toward a definition and characterization of the engaged university. Metropolitan Universities, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 20-9.

Huggins, R. & Kitagawa, F. (2009). Devolution and Knowledge Transfer from Universities: Perspectives from Scotland and Wales. Discussion Paper: Impact of Higher Education Institutions on Regional Economies Initiative

Huggins, R. & Johnston, A. (2009). The economic and innovation contribution of universities: a

regional perspective. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 2009, volume 27, pp. 1088 - 1106

Inman, P. & Schuetze, H.G. (2010). The community engagement and service mission of universities. NIACE Publications, December 2010

Kitagawa , K. (2004): Universities and Regional Advantage: Higher Education and Innovation Policies in English Regions. European Planning Studies. Vol. 12.No.6. pp. 835-852.

Lawton Smith, H. (2007). Universities, innovation, and territorial development: a review of the

evidence. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 2007, vol. 25, pp. 98-114.

Leydesdorff, L. (2011). The Triple Helix, Quadruple Helix, ..., and an N-tuple of Helices: Explanatory Models for Analyzing the Knowledge-based Economy, Journal of the Knowledge Economy, in press.

Leydesdorff, L. & Etzkowitz, H . (2001) The transformation of university-industry-govenment

relations. Electronic Journal of Sociology 5(4)

Lux, G. (2010) From Industrial Periphery to Cultural Capital? Restructuring and institutionbuilding in Pecs. In.: Suchacek, J. and Petersen, J. eds.) Developments in Minor Cities: Institutions Matter. Ostrava. Technical University Press. Pp. 103-119.

Mueller, P. (2006). Exploring the knowledge filter: How entrepreneurship and university–industry relationships drive economic growth. Research Policy 35 (2006) pp. 1499–1508.

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (1999) The Response of Higher Education Institutions to Regional Needs. Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI/IMHE/DG(96)10/REVI), OECD, Paris.

Ptaček, P. (2009) The Role of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Establishing of Knowledge Economy in the Czech Republic: The Case of Knowledge Intensive Business Services, in Ziolo, Z., Rachwal, T. (Eds) Problems in the Formation of Industrial Spatial Structures and their Surrounding. Prace Komisji Geografii Przemyslu Polskiego Towarzystwa Geograficznego, 14, pp. 22-30, Warszawa-Krakow.

Srinivas, S. & Viljamaa, K. (2008). Emergence of Economic Institutions: Analysing the Third Role of Universities in Turku, Finland. Regional Studies, Vol. 42.3, April 2008, pp. 323–341.

Tjeldvoll, A. (1997): A Service University in Scandinavia? Studies in Comparative and International Education. Vol. 1 No. 9. Univerity of Oslo. Institute for Educational Research

Varga, A. (ed.) (2009). Universities, Knowledge Transfer and Regional Development: Geography,

Entrepreneurship and Policy. Edward Elgar Publishers

Wright, M., Clarysse, B., Lockett A., Knockaert, M. (2008). Mid-range universities’ linkages with

industry: Knowledge types and the role of intermediaries. Research Policy Vol. 37 (2008) pp. 1205–1223.