Protection of Intellectual Property and its Economic Aspects


  • Lenka Pelegrinová VÚB Leasing, a.s.
  • Martin Lačný University of Prešov



Intellectual property protection, Patent Cooperation Treaty, KOF Index of Globalization, panel data


Intellectual property as assets in intangible form is classified in most countries under the definitions of the TRIPS Agreement and PCT according to the manner of its protection. This article presents results of an analysis of relationship between the protection of intellectual property rights at certain globalization level and verification of their influence on economic indicators in the selected countries of the research sample – 32 countries of a similar intellectual property protection system under the PCT. An examination of the level of globalization as a quantitative marker was enabled by the KOF Index of Globalization. The time and cross-sectional data enabled to test 352 objections by applying a non-parametric statistical method – panel data regression with the effect of random cross-sectional variables. The conclusions show that there is a statistically significant probability of the relation between the quantity of registered patents and the level of gross domestic product, gross domestic product per capita and adjusted net national income.

Author Biographies

Lenka Pelegrinová, VÚB Leasing, a.s.

Customer relations manager, VÚB Leasing, a.s.

Martin Lačný, University of Prešov

Faculty of Arts, Institute of Political Sciences(Senior Lecturer)


Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), 1995, [Online] at, accessed March 15th, 2016.

D. Archibugi, and A. Filippetti. The Globalisation of Intellectual Property Rights: Four Learned Lessons and Four Theses. Global Policy 2010, 1(2): 137-149.

J. Baylis, and S. Smith, et al. The Globalization of World Politics. Oxford University Press, 2008.

M. Beháňová. Duševné vlastníctvo v globalizovanom svete. Logistický monitor 12/2008, [Online] at, accessed January 10th, 2016.

T. Dobřichovský. Moderní trendy práv k duševnímu vlastnictví. Linde, 2004.

V. Dudinský, and I. Dudinská. Globalizácia aj ako teoretický problém (niekoľko poznámok na margo). In: Globalizácia a vzdelávanie učiteľov. Bratislava: Comenius University. 2012, pp. 118-124.

Z. Hajnalová. Ochrana označení pôvodu výrobkov a zemepisných označení výrobkov na Slovensku a v zahraničí. In: Zborník z konferencie Duševné vlastníctvo na Slovensku IX (k svetovému dňu duševného vlastníctva). Banská Bystrica: ÚPV SR. 2009, pp. 17-23.

International Monetary Fund (online database), [Online] at, accessed April 12th, 2016.

C. Juma. Intellectual Property Rights and Globalisation: Implications for Developing Countries. In: Science, Technology and Innovation Discussion Paper No.4. Cambridge: Center for International Development, Harvard University. 1999, [Online] at, accessed February 20th, 2016.

KOF Index of Globalization, [Online] at, accessed March 11th, 2016.

E. Kováč, and K. Žigić. International Competition in Vertically Differentiated Markets with Innovation and Imitation: Trade Policy Versus Free Trade. Economica 2014, 81(323): 491-521.

Ch. Oguamanam. IP in global governance: a venture in critical reflection. WIPO Journal 2011, 2(2): 196-216.

Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), [Online] at, accessed January 5th, 2016.

PricewaterhouseCoopers: Exploiting intellectual property in a complex world. Technology executive connections 2007 4(6) [Online] at, accessed June 4th, 2016.

O. Slivko, and B. Theilen. Innovation or imitation? The effect of spillovers and competitive pressure on firms' R&D strategy choice. Journal of Economics 2014, 112(3): 253-282.

J. Straus. Patentová ochrana podľa dohody TRIPS. Výnimočné úpravy, ich prax a význam s osobitným zreteľom na farmaceutické výrobky. Duševné vlastníctvo 2004, 8(4): 6-14.

The World Bank (online database), [Online] at, accessed February 1st, 2016.

Úrad priemyselného vlatníctva Slovenskej republiky, [Online] at, accessed April 1st, 2016.

World Intellectual Property Organisation (online database), [Online] at, accessed February 7th, 2016.

World Trade Organisation (online database), [Online] at, accessed February 3rd, 2016.


Additional Files



How to Cite

Pelegrinová, L., & Lačný, M. (2016). Protection of Intellectual Property and its Economic Aspects. Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People, 5(3), 5–20.