Knowledge Sharing among Employees in Organizations


  • Haradhan Kumar Mohajan Assistant Professor, Premier University, Chittagong, Bangladesh



Knowledge sharing, organization, globalization


Knowledge is considered as the basis for developing sustained long-term competitive advantage for every organization. In the 21st century every organization becomes knowledge based for the sustainable development. Knowledge sharing is an important instrument that turns individual knowledge into group organizational knowledge. It is one of the main knowledge processes in a present dynamic and competitive era for the development of organizations. The knowledge sharing practice plays a remarkable role in the development and innovation in many areas of organizations. In this paper an attempt has been taken to discuss techniques, barriers and benefits of knowledge sharing in organizations.  

Author Biography

Haradhan Kumar Mohajan, Assistant Professor, Premier University, Chittagong, Bangladesh

Assistant Professor, Premier University, Chittagong, Bangladesh


Anand, B. N., & Khanna, T. (2000). Do Firms Learn to Create Value? The Case of Alliances. Strategic Management Journal, 21(3), 293–315.

Argote, L., & Ingram, P. (2000) Knowledge Transfer A Basis for Competitive Advantage in Firms. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 82(1), 150–169.

Beijerse, R. P. (1999). Questions in Knowledge Management: Defining and Conceptualizing a Phenomenon. Journal of Knowledge Management, 3(2), 94–110.

Bellefroid, B. (2012). The New Way of Knowledge Sharing a Thesis Research about the Effects of NWOW on Knowledge Sharing.

Bukowitz, W. R., & Williams, R. L. (1999). The Knowledge Management Fieldbook. Financial Times: Prentice Hall.

Casimir, G. (2012). Knowledge Sharing: Influences of Trust, Commitment and Cost. Journal of Knowledge Management, 16(5), 740–753.

Chattopadhyay, P. (1999). Beyond Direct and Symmetrical Effects: The Influence of Demographic Dissimilarity on Organisational Citizenship Behavior. Academy of Management Journal, 42(3), 273–287.

Chiu, C.-M., Hsu, M.-H., & Wang, E. T. G. (2006). Understanding Knowledge Sharing in Virtual Communities: An Integration of Social Capital and Social Cognitive Theories. Decision Support Systems, 42(3), 1872–1888.

Christensen, P. H. (2007). Knowledge Sharing: Moving Away from the Obsession with Best Practices. Journal of Knowledge Management, 11(1), 36–47.

Cyr, S., & Choo, C. W. (2010). The Individual and Social Dynamics of Knowledge Sharing: An Exploratory Study. Journal of Documentation, 66(6), 824–846.

Cummings, J. (2003). Knowledge Sharing: A Review of the Literature. Operation Evaluation Department Working Paper, World Bank.

Cummings, J. (2004). Work Groups Structural Diversity and Knowledge Sharing in a Global Organization. Management Science, 50(3), 352–364.

Davenport, T. H., & Prusak, L. (1997). Working Knowledge: How Organizations Manage What

They Know. Harvard Business School Press, Boston, MA, USA.

Dyer, J., & Hatch, N. (2006). Relation-Specific Capabilities and Barriers to Knowledge Transfers: Creating Advantage through Network Relationships. Strategic Management Journal, 27(8), 701–719.

Gaal, Z., Szabo, L., Kovacs, Z., Obermayer-Kovacs, N., & Csepregi, A. (2008). Knowledge Management Profile, Maturity Model. In Proceedings of 9th European Conference on Knowledge Management (ECKM 2008), pp. 209–216, Southampton, UK.

Gurteen, D. (1999). Creating a Knowledge Sharing Culture. Knowledge Management Magazine, 2(5), Provide Sedge [Online] Available:

Gupta, A. K., & Govindarajan, V. (2000). Knowledge Management’s Social Dimension: Lessons from Nucor Steel. Sloan Management Review, 42(1), 71−80.

Hansen, M. T., Nohria, N., & Tierney, T. (1999). What is Your Strategy for Managing Knowledge. Harvard Business Review, 77(2), 106–116.

Hooff, V., & Weenen, F. (2004). Committed to Share: Commitment and CMC Use as Antecedents of Knowledge Sharing. Knowledge and Process Management, 11(1), 13–24.

Ipe, M. (2003). Knowledge Sharing in Organizations: A Conceptual Framework. Journal of SAGE, 2(4), 337–359.

Jackson, S. E., Chuang, C., Harden, E. E., Jiang, Y., & Joseph, J. M. (2006). Toward Developing Human Resources Management Systems for Knowledge-Intensive Teamwork. Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, 25(6), 27–70.

Kamasak, R., & Bulutlar, S. (2010). Influence of Knowledge Sharing on Innovation. European Business Review, 22(3), 306–317.

Kharabsheh, R. (2007). Model of Antecedents of Knowledge Sharing. Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, 5(4), 419–426.

Kim, Y., & Tcha, M. (2012). Introduction to the Knowledge Sharing Program (KSP) of Korea. Tracing the Impacts of Korea’s Engagements around the World, Korea Economic Institute.

Lee, J. N. (2001). The Impact of Knowledge Sharing, Organizational Capability and Partnership Quality on IS Outsourcing Success. Information and Management, 38(5), 5323–5335.

Lee, H. W., & Yu, C. F. (2011). Effect of Organizational Relationship Style on the Level of Knowledge Sharing. International Journal of Manpower, 32(5/6), 677–686.

Lee, W. J., Jun, J., & Lee, T. (2016). Sharing Behavior and its Relationship with Core Competencies of a Company: A Grounded Theory Approach. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 9(5), 1–9.

Lin, H. F. (2007). Knowledge Sharing and Firm Innovation Capability: An Empirical Study. International Journal of Manpower, 28(3/4), 315–332.

Lin, S-W., & Lo, L. Y-S. (2015). Mechanisms to Motivate Knowledge Sharing: Integrating the Reward Systems and Social Network Perspectives. Journal of Knowledge Management, 19(2), 212–235.

Mathew, V. (2010). Service Delivery through Knowledge Management in Higher Education. Journal of Knowledge Management Practice, 11(3), 1–14.

Ling, T. N., San, L. Y., & Hock, N. T. (2009). Trust: Facilitator of Knowledge-Sharing Culture. Communications of the IBIMA, 7(15), 137–142.

Mccall, H., Arnold, V., & Sutton, S. G. (2008). Use of Knowledge Management Systems and the Impact on the Acquisition of Explicit Knowledge. Journal of Information Systems, 22(2), 77–101.

McElroy, M. W. (2003). The New Knowledge Management; Complexity, Learning, and Sustainable Innovation. Butterworth-Heinemann, New York, NY.

Ni, G., Cui, Q., Sang, L., Wang, W., & Huang, H. (2016). Knowledge Sharing Culture, Project Team Interaction, and Knowledge Sharing Performance among Project Members. Proceedings of the Engineering Project Organization Conference (EPOC), Cle Elum, Washington, USA, June 28–30, 2016.

Nonaka, I. (1991). The Knowledge-Creating Company. Harvard Business Review, 69(6), 96–104.

Nonaka, I. (1994). A Dynamic Theory of Organizational Knowledge Creation. Organization Science, 5(1), 14–37.

Obeidat, B. Y., Abdallah, A. B., Aqqad, N. O., Akhoershiedah, A. H. O. M., & Maqableh, M. (2017). The Effect of Intellectual Capital on Organizational Performance: The Mediating Role of Knowledge Sharing. Communications and Network, 9, 1–27.

Polanyi, M. (1973). Personal Knowledge. London, UK: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Riege, A. (2005). Three-Dozen Knowledge-Sharing Barriers Managers Must Consider. Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(3), 18–35.

Scharmer, C. O. (2001). Self-Transcending Knowledge: Sensing and Organizing Around Emerging Opportunities. Journal of Knowledge Management, 5(2), 137–151.

Serban, A. M., & Luan, J. (2003). Overview of Knowledge Management. New Directions for Institutional Research No. 113, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Shaari, R., Rahman, S., & Rajab A. (2014). Self-Efficacy as a Determined Factor for Knowledge Sharing Awareness. International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance, 5(1), 39–42.

Shah, N., & Shah, S. (2010). Relationships between Employee Readiness for Organizational Change, Supervisor and Peer Relations and Demography. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 23(5), 640–652.

Shannak, R., Masa’deh, R., Al-Zu’bi, Z., Obeidat, B., Alshurideh, M., & Altamony, H. (2012), A Theoretical Perspective on the Relationship between Knowledge Management Systems, Customer Knowledge Management, and Firm Competitive Advantage. European Journal of Social Sciences, 32(4), 520–532.

Susanty, A. I., Salwa, M., Chandradini, A., Evanisa, F. W., & Iriani, N. (2016). Knowledge Sharing and Implementation of its Enabling Factors: A Case Study of Three Types of Company in Indonesia. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 24(S), 239–254.

Sveiby, K., & Simons, R. (2002). Collaborative Climate and Effectiveness of Knowledge Work: An Empirical Study. Journal of Knowledge Management, 6(5), 420–433.

Teeni, D. (2006). Organizational Communication. In D. G. Schwartz (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Knowledge Management, pp. 734–740, USA: Idea Group Reference.

van den Brink, P. (2003). Social, Individual and Technological Conditions that Enable Knowledge Sharing. PhD Thesis, Universities van Amsterdam.

Vij, S., & Faroop, R. (2014). Knowledge Sharing Orientation and its Relationship with Business Performance: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach. IUP Journal of Knowledge Management, 12(3), 17–41.

Volady, L. (2013). An Investigation of Factors Influencing Knowledge Sharing among Undergraduate Teacher Education Students. Adelaide, South Australia:

Wang, S., & Noe, R. A. (2010). Knowledge Sharing: A Review and Directions for Future Research. Human Resource Management Review, 20(2), 115–131.

Wasko, M. M., & Faraj, S. (2005). Why Should I Share? Examining Social Capital and Knowledge Contribution in Electronic Networks of Practice. MIS Quarterly, 29(1), 35–57.

Willem, A. (2003). The Role of Organization Specific Integration Mechanisms in Inter-Unit Knowledge Sharing. PhD Dissertation at Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School, Ghent University, Belgium.

World Bank (1998). World Development Report 1998-99. Washington DC: World Bank.

Zawawi, A. A., Zakaria, Z., Kamarunzaman, N. Z., Noordin, N., Sawal, M. Z. H. M., Junos, N. M., & Najid, N. S. A. (2011). The Study of Barrier Factors in Knowledge Sharing: A Case Study in Public University. Management Science and Engineering, 5(1), 59–70.




How to Cite

Mohajan, H. K. (2019). Knowledge Sharing among Employees in Organizations. Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People, 8(1), 52–61.