An Overview on Romanian Strategies regarding Roma Minority Concerning Education and Employment


  • Laura Patache Spiru Haret University
  • Octav Negurita Spiru Haret University



Roma minority, education, socially assisted, traditions, employment policies, scattered minorities


According to the Council of Europe, Roma population in Romania is about 8.6% representing the largest minority group, exceeding the Hungarian ones. Demographic trends make the problem of the Roma minority even more stringent, through the fact that the population is aging despite of Roma’s positive natural increase. Romanian Government elaborated a Strategy to improve conditions for the Roma, which is permanently updated according to political commitment at the international level, based on the following guiding principles: consensuality, social utility, sectorial division, decentralization in execution, legislative compatibility, identity differentiation, and equality. The education is the key to a better access to the labor market and in last two decades authorities have taken several actions concerning Roma social inclusion, but the results are not the ones expected. It is a fact that, especially in case of children, low life’s level, marginalized communities, rural area, culture and traditions may generate socially exclusion and inequality. The study aims to make an overview of the Romanian governmental policies regarding the improvement of the situation of the Roma minority, especially regarding education and employment. The results of the study could be useful for a better correlation of social policies with impact on living of Roma.

Author Biography

Laura Patache, Spiru Haret University

Laura Patache is an Associate Professor of Economics and  researcher at Central Research Institute of “Spiru Haret” University, Bucharest, Romania. Laura received her B.A. from Ovidius University Constanta in 1999 and completed her Ph.D. in Economics at the Bucharest University of Economic Studies in 2009. She has co-authored more than 60 articles in journals or proceedings books in the fields of: labor economics, regional development, social policies and education. She is working on research projects dealing with youth employment (HRD projects) and concept of non-territorial autonomy (COST project). Her main research interests lie in the area of employment and labor market; social programs; higher education; and econometric methods for program and policy evaluation.  She is a member of: the Romanian Regional Science Association (RRSA), the European Regional Science Association (ERSA), the Regional Science Association International (RSAI), the American Economic Association (AEA) and The National Association of Romanian Authorized Valuers (ANEVAR).


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How to Cite

Patache, L., & Negurita, O. (2020). An Overview on Romanian Strategies regarding Roma Minority Concerning Education and Employment. Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People, 9(2), 60–70.