TRENDS ANALYSIS IN GIG ECONOMY
Keywords:Gig economy, Digital economy, work environment, freelancers, outsourcing
AbstractThis paper aims to research the main characteristics and trends of the freelancer’s market in temporary and occasional jobs in the Digital economy. The research was conducted by analyzing the content of reports of companies that hire freelancers, consulting companies and blogs of experts. The Digital economy is one of the results of the widespread application of information and communication technologies (ICT) that have influenced the transformation of the business model. Widespread application of ICT increased the flexibility of the work environment from the perspective of the place and time of work, as well as the way of engagement of the workforce. The application of ICT has expanded the scope and range of services available in today's market of temporary and occasional jobs. Contemporary companies in the Digital economy are increasingly focusing on their core competencies, leaving other jobs to external associates. The Gig economy refers to the engagement of labour in temporary and occasional jobs. Of the total number of employees in the USA during 2020, 36% worked as freelancers. Freelancers, during 2020, generated total revenue of US$ 1.2 trillion. Also, it is important to point out that a certain percentage of freelancers, currently, realize additional jobs in this way, but that there is a noticeable increase in the number of freelancers who accept this model of employment as the only way of permanent employment. Also, further growth in the number of freelancers in the world is predicted.
And.co. (2021). The Slash Workers. Downloaded from And.co: https://www.and.co/slash-workers.html
Burning Glass Technologies. (2018). The New Foundational Skills of the Digital Economy: Developing the Professionals of the Future. The Business-Higher Education Forum. Burning Glass / BHEF.
CBRE. (2014). Fast Foward 2030: The Future of Work and the Workplace.CBRE
CBRE. (2021). The Future of Work: Reseting Asia Pacific Office Strategy. CBRE.
Downey L. (2021). Freelancer. Downloaded from Investopedia: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/freelancer.asp
European Economic and Social Committee. (2017). Impact of digitalisation and the on-demand economy on labour markets and the consequences for employment and industrial relations. European Economic and Social Committee.
Euroufound. (2020). New forms of emplozment: 2020 update. Euroufound.
Freelancer. (2021, February 17). Press - Freelancer.com Hits 50 Million Users. Downloaded from Freelancer: https://s3.amazonaws.com/press.freelancer.com/50%20Million%20Media%20Release.pdf
IDC. (2018a). IDC FutureScape: Worldwide IT Industry 2018 Predictions. IDC.
IDC. (2018b). Shaping the Future of Work in a Digital Era. IDC.
IDC. (2020a). Future of Work: Device Convergence Empowering Next-Generation Mobile Workers. IDC.
IDC. (2020b). Worldwide Digital Transformation Spending Guide. Downloaded from IDC: https://www.idc.com/getdoc.jsp?containerId=prUS46377220
Investopedia. (2021). Gig Economy. Downloaded from Investopedia: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/g/gig-economy.asp
McKinsey Global Institute. (2021). The future of work after COVID 19. McKinsey Global Institute.
Nedelkoska, L., & Quintini, G. (2018). OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers No 202: Automation, skills use. Downloaded from OECD: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/employment/automation-skills-use-and-training_2e2f4eea-en
NOVO. (2021). A Freelancer’s Quick Guide to Paying Taxes in 2020. Downloaded from Tools to Help You Build an Awesome Business: https://resources.banknovo.com/a-freelancers-quick-guide-to-paying-taxes-in-2020/
OECD. (2020a). A Roadmap Toward a Common Framework for Measuring the Digital Economy. OECD.
OECD. (2020b). OECD Employment Outlook 2020: Worker Security and the COVID-19 Crisis. OECD.
Statista. (2020). Leading reasons for doing freelance work in the United States in 2020. Downloaded from Statista: https://www.statista.com/statistics/530887/top-ten-reasons-for-freelance-work-us/
STATISTA. (2021). The number of freelancers in the United States from 2017 to 2028. Downloaded from STATISTA: https://www.statista.com/statistics/921593/gig-economy-number-of-freelancers-us/
Twin A. (2021). Outsourcing. Downloaded from Investopedia: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/o/outsourcing.asp
Tyler B. (2020). Gig economy. Salem Press Encyclopedia.
Upwork. (2020). Freelance Forward 2020. Upwork.
Upwork. (2021a). Remote Freelancing Across Industries. Upwork.
Upwork. (2021b). The 30 Most In-Demand Jobs and Skills [2019 - 2021]. Downloaded from Upwork: https://www.upwork.com/resources/in-demand-jobs-and-skills
Wired & Deloitte Digital. (2019). Digital transformation: A Primer. Downloaded from Wired: https://www.wired.com/brandlab/2019/10/deloittedigital-connecting-digital-age/
Wolfe L. (2021). The Difference Between Freelancers and Contractors. Downloaded from The Balance Small Business: https://www.thebalancesmb.com/are-freelancers-contractors-or-independent-contractors-3515143
World Economic Forum. (2020). The Future of Jobs Report 2020. World Economic Forum.
How to Cite
Journal of Economic Development, Environment and People by Authors is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://ojs.spiruharet.ro/index.php/jedep/issue/archive.